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Francis Basset's Survey of Mariners

and Ship 1626 and 1629

Information taken from The Ships of North Cornwall,

by John Bartlett, pub Tabb House

and

Early Stuart Mariners and Shipping 1619 - 35 Ed. Todd Gray

pub Devon and Cornwall Record Society

War with Spain and then France in the 1620s led to the surveys being needed. The idea for the surveys was for the Navy to ascertain how many seamen and maritime resources each parish had for the Admiralty to call upon. Francis Basset of Tehidy, Vice-Admiral of North Cornwall was commanded by the Duke of Buckingham to take a muster of the mariners and fishermen and shipping on the north Cornish coast.

The surveys recorded those men whose occupation and experience was seafaring, rather than local fishing villagers. The surveys were not interested in part -time sailors or small shipping below 5 tons.  There was, apparently, difficulty in impressing both men and shipping.  The ages of the men are not reliable - the ages given in each of the surveys in 1626 and 1629 do not correspond. They may not have known their ages, or they may have simply not wanted to appear young and useful!

The first muster was made on 1st August 1626. Padstow produced a total 35 men of which 10 were masters, 18 were sailors and 7 were fishermen, and 3 barques between 28 and 40 tons.  Endellion produced a total of 43 men, all of whom were fishermen.  In comparison, St Minver produced a total of just 17 fishermen.

The second muster was made in February 1629. This time Padstow produced 44 men of whom 4 were mariners, 30 were sailors and 10 were fishermen.  Endellion - 50 - of whom 1 was a mariner, 35 were sailors and 14 were fishermen.  St Minver - 15 - of whom 3 were sailors, 12 were fishermen.

The names below are from my own database of St Minver Folk, so extra information has been included and the names do not appear as per the referenced books above.  I have also included names of men from other parishes who are in my database, as they have connections with St Minver.  All of those listed in the Mariner's Survey as residing in the parish of St Minver are included.

Name Christening  in  Death date in  Burial date in  Francis Basset's Survey 
Oliver Ball 18 February 1591 St Minver February 1665 St Minver 04 February 1665 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(34)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(34)
ffardynando Collyns   probably Endellion         1626 Fisherman of Endellion (35 at sea)
              1629 Sailor of Endellion (30)
Thomas Collyns   probably Endellion          1626 Fisherman of Endellion (23)
              1629 Sailor of Endellion (27)
William Hick 17 December 1574 St Minver February 1652 St Minver 01 February 1652 St Minver 1626  Fisherman of St Minver(60)
              1629 Sailor of St Minver(56)
John Hickes     July 1656 PortQuin,
St Minver
01 July 1656 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(33)
Richard Ivye     Bef. 07 March 1642 St Minver     1626 Fisherman of St Minver(35)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(40)
John Jacket 30 December 1565 St Minver Bet. 1641 - 1661 During the
Civil War period when
records were badly kept.
      1626 Fisherman of St Minver(63)
Robert Jacket 02 January 1572 St Minver January 1641 St Minver 21 January 1641/2 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(35)
John James 15 February 1585 St Minver May 1641 St Minver 25 May 1641 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(-)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(60)
Walter Jeffery             1626 Fisherman of St Minver(40)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(40)
Anthonie Jenkinge             1626 Fisherman of St Minver(58)
Ambrose Marke             1626  Fisherman of St Minver(48)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(50)
             
Oliver Moile 11 October 1573 St Minver         1626 Fisherman of Endellion(60) at sea 
Mathew Morish 29 March 1578 St Minver         1626 Fisherman of St Minver(54)
              1629 Sailor of St Minver(50)
Nicholas Olver             1626 Fisherman of St Minver(34)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(33)
Ralph Olver     December 1641 St Minver 10 December 1641 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(60)
Ottes Pope 25 June 1606 St Minver         1626 Fisherman of St Minver(18)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(24)
George Shole 13 September 1573 St Minver         1626 Fisherman of St Minver(60)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(60)
Humfry Stile 17 December 1598 St Minver March 1635 St Minver 23 March 1635 St Minver 1626  Fisherman of St Minver(29)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(30)
Nicholas Stile 08 June 1600 St Minver May 1638 St Minver 02 May 1638 St Minver 1626 Fisherman of St Minver(24)
              1629 Fisherman of St Minver(27)
Anthony Stone 22 July 1570 St Minver         1626 Fisherman of St Endellion(61)
              1629 Sailor of St Endellion(60)
John Stile 13 December 1573 St Minver After 1626 St Minver     1629 Sailor of St Minver(55)
Henry Moile              1626 Fisherman of Padstow(58),
Also held moiety of Black Torre Ferry.

 

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Page created August 2007